Thought of the Day 8.19.12 Orville Wright


If we worked on the assumption that what is accepted as true really is true, then there would be little hope for advance

— Orville Wright

The Wright brothers patent war

The Wright brothers patent war (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Orville Wright was born in Dayton, Ohio on this day in 1871. Today is the 141st anniversary of his birth.

Orville was the fourth of five children to Milton and Susan Wright. He was very close to his brother Wilbur, who was four years his senior. The Wrights grew up in Dayton and Iowa.

“We were lucky enough to grow up in an environment where there was always much encouragement to children to pursue intellectual interests; to investigate whatever aroused curiosity.” [–Orville Wright/NASA.Gov]

When they wanted to find out how something mechanical worked they asked their mother. In matters of a religious or intellectual nature they asked their minister father. Their father bought the boys a toy “helicopter” made of paper and bamboo with a cork weight and a rubber band “motor.” The toy ignited their interest in flight.

Of the two, Orville was the mischievous one. While Wilbur was good at school and an earnest student, Orville preferred to hone his skills as a champion bicyclist. It seemed Wilbur was destined to go to college (Yale) but an accident while the boys were playing hockey left him injured. Some one lost control of their hockey stick and it flew out of their hands and struck Wilber, he fell and knocked out his front teeth. A few weeks later he began to have heart palpitations. He withdrew socially, and spent his days reading in the family’s extensive library. He also cared for his mother who was dying from TB.

Wright brothers bicycle

Wright brothers bicycle (Photo credit: nicomachus)

Orville was able to bring his more bookish brother out of his funk. When Orville was 18 (and Wilbur was 22) the brothers started a printing firm with a press they built themselves out of used buggy parts and a damaged tombstone. They began to publish their own weekly paper. The brothers were both cyclist and they repaired bikes for friends. They opened their own bicycle shop, The Wright Cycle Exchange (which later became the Wright Cycle Company ), in 1893 and in 1896 made their own bikes called Van Cleves and St. Clairs.

When Orville came down with typhoid fever Wilber helped nurse him by reading articles about German and French attempts at aviation. The brothers were hooked.  Wilber threw himself into research writing to the Smithsonian Institute requesting their information on aeronautical research. He studied all he could find about pitch, roll and yaw and designed a unique wing warping system. They contacted the US Weather  Bureau and found out where the most windy regions of the country were. They settled on Kitty Hawk which had average wind speeds of 13 mph.

The brothers travelled to Kitty Hawk in 1900 and 1901 testing the glider. They constructed a wind tunnel  to test different wing shapes. In October 1902 with a glider using a new wing design they glided over the sands of Kitty Hawk for 602 feet (a record). They went back to Ohio and worked on an engine propelled flying machine.

First successful flight of the Wright Flyer, b...

First successful flight of the Wright Flyer, by the Wright brothers. The machine traveled 120 ft (36.6 m) in 12 seconds at 10:35 a.m. at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

On December 14, 1903 the brothers tossed a coin to see who would take the Wright Flyer on its maiden flight. Wilbur won the coin toss. It lasted  just 3 seconds and ended in a minor crash requiring some repairs. On December 17 the flyer was ready again. This time it was Orville’s turn.  He flew for 12 seconds for about 120 feet. The brothers traded off twice more and by the fourth flight of the day Wilbur  was able to fly for 59 seconds  for 852 feet before the plane began to pitch and it hit the ground. None of the flights reached more than 10 feet in altitude that day, so Wilbur wasn’t really hurt.

The Wrights returned to Dayton and established an airfield in a cow pasture called Huffman Prairie. They spend the next two years perfecting their airplane design  and flying skills.  Eventually they won contracts from the US Signal Corp and the French Government. Their flying ability and engineering genius made them famous.

Wilbur died of typhoid fever at the Wright home in Dayton on May 20 1912.

English: Orville Wright, 1928.

English: Orville Wright, 1928. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Orville was a founding member of  National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (the NACA). He served on its board for 28 years  and was elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1936. He died of a heart attack in 1948.

Advertisements

About ritalovestowrite

Freelance writer, graphic designer, musician, foodie and Jane Austen enthusiast in Northern Baltimore County, Maryland. As a writer I enjoy both fiction and non fiction (food, travel and local interest stories.) As an advocate for the ARTS, one of my biggest passions is helping young people find a voice in all the performing arts. To that end it has been my honor to give one-on-one lessons to elementary, middle and high school students in graphic design and music. And as JANE-O I currently serve as the regional coordinator for JASNA Maryland and am working on a Regency/Federal cooking project. View all posts by ritalovestowrite

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: