Antionio Vivaldi 3.4.13 Thought of the Day


Français : VIVALDI: Portrait d’un violoniste v...

Français : VIVALDI: Portrait d’un violoniste vénitien du XVIIIe siècle, par François Morellon de La Cave (1723), portrait généralement considéré comme étant celui de Vivaldi Museo internazionale e biblioteca della musica (Bologna) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Antonio Vivaldi was born on this day in Venice, Italy in 1678. Today is the 335th anniversary of his birth.

 

Vivaldi was born into a working class family. He was the eldest of 9 children. His father, who started out as  a tailor, then a barber, learned how to play the violin and eventually landed a gig as church violinist for St. Marks in Vienna. Antonio’s father taught him to play violin as well.

 

“In 1703, he became ordained as a priest and was widely known as the “Red Priest” due to his red hair.” [Biography.com] But he  really had no calling to religious life. His religious training was a way for him to get an education (a common practice amongst the poor). Once ordained he…”no longer wished to celebrate mass because of physical complaints.” [Baroque Music.org] It is uncertain whether the illness was angina, asthma or a nervous disorder.

 

He began to teach violin at Ospedale della Pieta, a girls “orphanage” (it was really a home for the illegitimate daughters of wealthy noble men.) He also composed for the girls.

 

Vivaldi is best known for his Concertos (especially those for violin), his choral works and his operas (he wrote over 40.)

 

Here’s Autumn from his Four Seasons:

 

 

and  here’s Gloria in a in Excelsis Deo.

 

 

Antonio Vivaldi by François Morellon la Cave; 1725

Antonio Vivaldi by François Morellon la Cave; 1725 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Orchestral music

 

  • over 230 vn concs., incl. “Four Seasons,” op.8 nos. 1-4 (circa 1725)
  • circa 120 other solo concs. (bn, vc, ob, fl, rec etc)
  • circa 40 double concs. ensemble concs. ripieno concs. and sinfonias
  • 4 concs. for double orch

Chamber music

 

  • circa 40 vn sonatas
  • 9 vc sonatas
  • circa 10 fl sonatas
  • 27 trio sonatas
  • 22 chamber concs.

Sacred vocal music

 

  • Gloria, D
  • Magnificat, g
  • psalms, hymns, motets etc
  • Juditha triumphans (oratorio, 1716)

Secular vocal music

 

  • circa 50 operas, circa 20 surviving, incl. Teuzzone (1719), Tito Manlio (1720), Giustino (1724), Orlando (1727), La fida ninfa (1732), Griselda (1735)
  • 3 serenatas
  • circa 40 solo cantatas

[List from Great Performances]

 

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About ritalovestowrite

Freelance writer, graphic designer, musician, foodie and Jane Austen enthusiast in Northern Baltimore County, Maryland. As a writer I enjoy both fiction and non fiction (food, travel and local interest stories.) As an advocate for the ARTS, one of my biggest passions is helping young people find a voice in all the performing arts. To that end it has been my honor to give one-on-one lessons to elementary, middle and high school students in graphic design and music. And as JANE-O I currently serve as the regional coordinator for JASNA Maryland and am working on a Regency/Federal cooking project. View all posts by ritalovestowrite

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